Psalm 121 and a Question I Have
2011-03-17 by David von Schlichten
Scroll down to read a smart reflection on God's amazing grace and Romans 4. Stephen Schuette has provided us with that reflection.
I'm thinking of preaching on Psalm 121--one of my favorites--which assures us that God is with us to protect us. The psalm focuses on travel (probably originally a pilrgimage to Jerusalem).
Of course, the reality is that God does not protect us from every danger. The sun can strike us. We can get hurt during our going out or coming in.
So then, is the psalm wrong, or does it mean something else when it talks about protection, or is the psalm employing some sort of declaration of confidence in God that is supposed to compel God to act? What do you think?
Yours in Christ,
David von Schlichten, Lectionary Blog Moderator
Life's Not Fair, Thank Goodness
2011-03-16 by Stephen Schuette
Romans 4:1-5, 13-17
I want things to be understandable. I want there to be a natural flow and pattern that is predictable so that I can manage outcomes. For if life unfolds on the basis of expected consequences I can control it.
Maybe you know the John Shea story called Shame on Al from Stories, p. 215). It begins, “Al died jogging, and his friends knew why…” They continue to explain that he shouldn’t have been jogging at his age, without a doctor’s evaluation, and that his whole life-style set him up for this. So they “…buried Al with blame.”
If it worked that way I could live to be 100 and not have to deal with my own mortality until then.
I know that Paul’s use of the word “was reckoned” (elogisthe) is technically different from the way we used it when I was growing up in Missouri. To “reckon” something there was to imagine or suppose or believe there’s a chance, as in, I reckon it’s going to rain. When you reckon something you make a prediction that’s not 100% sure, and there’s a chance it might not happen because you know the future is open and all things are possible. So from a human point of view you can only “reckon,” acknowledging our inability to be totally sure.
While exercising some poetic license, I don’t want to say that God simply reckons it’s going to work out with Abraham. God’s promise is sure. But I do want to say that God is a variable that can turn things in new and different directions outside the course of predictable outcomes.
It’s impossible (and unfair to Paul) to take this passage literally. The passage itself is convoluted. I’m glad I don’t have to diagram these sentences. And I wonder if this isn’t an impression that Paul wants to leave, that these things are beyond our full understanding and don’t follow strict rules of human logic, if…therefore. And what unsettles the predictable outcomes is a virtual tsunami of grace that sweeps everything with it, whether you’re under the law, or not under the law, or beyond the law.
And as I read this passage this time around there was something I may have overlooked previously…that “it’s guaranteed….to the adherents of the law.” How could it be otherwise if grace abounds and frees those under the law? In other words, it’s also for those who would blame Al.
Sample from GoodPreacher.com this week...
2011-03-15 by David Howell
Preaching John 3:1-17
To read the encounter between Nicodemus and Jesus is to overhear something like the famous "Who’s on First?"1 routine of Abbot and Costello, only in this case the subject is not baseball but spiritual rebirth. There are two levels of conversation inherent in this meeting. In both levels, the vocabulary is the same but the dictionary is not. Nicodemus asks spiritual questions, but translates in earthly images. Jesus speaks in earthly images, but communicates spiritual answers. The two pass like ships in the night.
Nicodemus is one of the most inviting and intriguing of John’s cast of characters. He is unknown to the synoptic evangelists and becomes, along with Thomas the Doubting Disciple, John’s Everyman as a result. As a Pharisee, he broadens our expectations and understandings of the openness of Pharisees as a group, and Nicodemus’ curiosity and questing is laudable even if he comes only under the cover of night. He is like so many in our culture today who say that they are "spiritual" but not necessarily "religious." He wants to kick the tires and maybe sit behind the wheel of the teachings of Jesus, but he doesn’t really want to sign any contracts or take out any loans, at least not yet.
Preaching on this text presents an opportunity to the preacher to rescue the "born again" phrasing that has become so popular in our religious parlance. The New Revised Standard translation saves us from misunderstanding what Jesus is saying. Its reference to being born "from above" is the better translation of the Greek anothen which refers not to a chronological reference (again) but to a spatial one (from above), drawing on the first century understanding of a domed universe where God dwells above, while the earth hovers below. Nicodemus is rightly mystified by the idea of trying to enter the womb to be born again. But Jesus has his mind on a religious rebirth, the kind that Pharisaic theological categories might find difficult to understand. It is precisely the renewing of thought that was most difficult for Nicodemus.
The Judaism of Nicodemus’ tradition scrupulously observed 613 laws and commandments—the oblation of cereal offerings for these sins, the sacrifice of a dove for those, directions on when a man and woman might have intimate relations and when they might not, instructions on what kind of meat you could eat and how many sets of dishes were needed, who had responsibility for a widow in the family and which brother was required to marry her, and strict rules on how the Sabbath was to be kept. Nicodemus could not help but be amazed at the simplicity of Jesus’ teaching.
Sometimes I think our congregations are looking for a spiritual rule book, a kind of Christianity for Dummies, which would carry in it the logical steps from one to twelve that would lead to spiritual completion. In a society where the self-help section in the bookstore is one of the largest, most folks are looking for a simple way to organize their steps to spiritual mastery. The problem is that life is messy, challenges in life are complex, issues are not clear, and following Jesus is more a matter of following a way of life than following a set of rules.
Finding what Nicodemus was seeking is sometimes doing what he did, misunderstanding what it is that you seek, and fumbling your way on a imperfect path. The human predicament is that we have only our limited comprehension of what we discern to be divine truth, and sometimes we settle for less than we should.
You must be born from above, Jesus said, by water and the spirit. It’s as simple and as impossible as just that. And of course, what Jesus is talking about is something that only God can make happen, a newness of life that brings life to life. It is like being an infant again, discovering the world afresh, supported, sustained, and nurtured in the everlasting arms, confident that those arms will neither abandon nor forsake you.
In a commencement address, Anne Lamott advised the graduates of the University of California Berkeley a few years ago how to discover what is most important in life. She said, "I’ve been waiting to be a successful author all my life. But when I finally did it, I was like a greyhound catching the mechanical rabbit she’d been chasing all her life—metal, wrapped up in cloth. It wasn’t alive; it had no spirit. It was fake. Fake doesn’t feed anything. Only spirit feeds spirit...It had nothing that could slake the lifelong thirst I had for a little immediacy, and connection."2 I wonder if Nicodemus, in a different context and time, might have said something like that. I wonder if that realization was what drove him to meet with Jesus.
Nicodemus appears two more times in John’s gospel, as a moderating voice pleading for due process for Jesus with his Pharisaic colleagues (7:50-51), and at the end when he goes to the tomb with a hundred pounds of myrrh and aloes (19:39). With such a weighty quantity of spices, one wonders whether this is a measure of his emotional investment, or whether it is a weight that will lie upon the body of Jesus and hold him securely in the tomb, never to rise again. At the least it is a peculiar oblation.
In either case, Nicodemus remains the Pharisee who is most like a "person of interest" in the stories of Jesus’ followers. It is not clear whether he was in or out, a disciple or not, and no doubt there have been many through the centuries, including today, who find in him both the attraction and the hesitation that has linked his name, like it or not, with Jesus all this long while.
Jon M. Walton
(Jon Walton will be a speaker at the Festival of Homiletics in May.
1. Bud Abbott and Lou Costello, "Who’s On First?" Copyright Bud Abbott, Jr., Vicki Wheeler, Carole Costello, Patricia Humphreys & Christine Costello d.b.a. Abbott & Costello Enterprises, 1944.
Japan's Earthquake/Tsunami; Matthew 4:1-11
2011-03-11 by David von Schlichten
Thank you to Stephen Schuette for two excellent posts below, one in which he considers whether the temptation was challenging for Jesus to resist and one in which he considers the slickness of the serpent in Eden.
How does the temptation narrative relate to the horrible earthquake and tsunami that have hit Japan? Here are some thoughts that could be tools of Satan:
1. We'll help a little, but we have to take care of our own first.
2. This is a great opportunity for America to show its superiority.
3. If we help, what's in it for us?
4. This disaster is a sign of the end or God's wrath.
5. The disaster is awful, but what are you gonna do? These things happen.
For Sunday, I also intend to ask this question in my sermon:
"How does God help us resist temptation?"
What do you think?
Yours in Christ,
David von Schlichten, Lectionary Blog Moderator
The Truth of Your Story
2011-03-08 by Stephen Schuette
The most interesting question about the temptation story, which the text doesn’t answer directly, is whether Jesus was actually tempted. Is this a Godspell Jesus who has the answers ready in order to quickly dismiss the tempter without breaking a sweat while holding a flower plucked from a nearby mustard plant? Or is he here, as later in Gethsemene, sweating bullets? There’s no conclusive answer, but there is evidence. Since we can read the story through in a few short moments there may be a tendency to hear it the first way. But the tempter comes after 40 days of fasting in the wilderness when Jesus is physically and spiritually most vulnerable, and comes with bread and offers what looks easy. Then, like a fighter in the corner, the story ends with angels attending him, so we can assume he needed attending. I take it that this was a real and genuine battle which required all of Jesus’ spiritual, emotional, and psychic energy.
And just as soldiers engaged in battle use bullets and bombs Jesus and the Tempter use the most powerful resource at their disposal in this spiritual struggle – scripture and narrative. At least by the second temptation the Tempter has caught on that he’s going to have to use scripture and narrative to get to Jesus’ source of identity and meaning. So his strategy is, using the weapon of choice, to turn Jesus’ own defense upon itself and co-opt the story. In other words, the Devil is really trying to get inside Jesus’ head…. “Maybe you think you’re the Messiah, but you’re not really the Messiah…or…If you are the Messiah, you’re not cut out for that long, hard, servant-Messiah path that you’re bent upon so think about this alternative way of fulfilling scripture…” It seems the Tempter will give any ground or use any means necessary to win the final point.
So the stories are engaged. It’s a story of hunger and need and vulnerability against a story of satiation and consumption. It’s a story of serving God against a story of God serving Jesus/self. It’s a story of the long way of faithfulness to God against a story of quick success. You wonder as John wrote his prologue to his Gospel if the temptation story was in the back of his mind with its battle of light and dark so that after he wrote the prologue actually repeating the story of the temptation in his Gospel would have been redundant. So the temptation story might serve as the “prologue” in the Synoptics.
In the end Jesus knows his own story well enough to fend off the temptations. And the gospels will unfold as he continues on his path. Likewise for us, as followers of Jesus, it may be that our ability to fend off temptation, the ability to remain true to our genuine story will depend on how well we know The Story and to what degree we claim it as Our Story.
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