2008-11-22 by David von Schlichten

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My sermon is below. I welcome your responses, ever

Yours in Christ,

David von Schlichten, Lectionary Blog Moderator

Sermon on Ephesians 1:15-23 and Matthew 25:31-46

St. James Evangelical Lutheran Church, Youngstown, PA

Sunday, November 23, 2008,

The Reign of Christ, Year A

(word count: 1077)

Simul Sheep and Goat

A man lies in the street in pain, groaning. A stranger stops. She kneels beside the person.

Today's reading from chapter 25, the parable of the sheep and the goats, comes at the end of Jesus' teachings. This is the last story Ki ng Jesus tells before he heads to the cross to die for our sins.

What a story it is. Jesus tells us that, at the end, he, the king, on his throne, will judge us according to whether we helped people in need. Did we give food to the hungry and drink to the thirsty? Did we welcome the stranger and clothe the naked? Did we care for the sick and visit the imprisoned? If we did, Jesus will welcome us to life. If we did not, Jesus will send us to hell. Boom.

Note that Jesus does not place conditions on our helping people in need. He does not say, “Only help people who deserve help.” He does not say, “Only help white people,” or “Only help Americans.” Jesus does not say, “Help everyone, except Muslims.” Christ the King does not decree, “Help everyone in need, except illegal immigrants.” No, through this story our King teaches us that we are to help all people in need, no exceptions, and when we do, we help God himself.

The woman wipes away at the wounds of the man lying in the street. They are full of puss and blood. They stink, but she keeps cleaning them. People walking by say, “Man, that's disgusting. I wouldn't do that job for a million dollars.”

Are you a sheep or a goat? Do you help people in need, or do you make excuses not to? Do you give food, money, attention, and talent to reduce poverty, care for the sick, and support people in jail?

I think I am a sheep, for the most part, although there are times when I am a goat. Plenty of times I look the other way instead of helping someone. When I hear about poverty-stricken children on TV, sometimes I turn the channel. I give money to charities, pray for people in need, try to help people, but I could do more. I could give more money to people in need instead of spending it to over-eat. The synod runs trips to Mississippi to help Katrina victims. I could do that. Why don't I?

Am I a sheep or a goat? It depends. Most of us are like that. Most of us do not fit neatly into one category. The Book of Concord teaches that we are both saint and sinner. God has made us saints, but we still sin. Romans 3 proclaims, “All have sinned.” Are you a sheep or a goat? You're both. We all are.

So then, how can God divide people into sheep and goat? Aren't we a combination of sheep and goat, a combination of good and bad? Aren't we all sinners?

Maybe part of the point of the story of the sheep and the goats is to show us that we all fall short. When we hear this story, if we are honest, we will confess that, while sometimes we care for those in need, other times we neglect people. There's some goat in each of us.

Perhaps, then, this story helps us to see how much we need Jesus to die for us. We hear this story, and we say, “Yes, I have my sheep moments, but I can be pretty goatish, too. Sometimes I help those in need, sometimes I don't. I do not do enough. I am a sinner.” When we acknowledge that we just cannot do it all on our own, that we can never be good enough, then we cling to the cross, for it is through the cross that Christ has saved us. Are we as good as should be? No, but Jesus died to save us.

Indeed, the Book of Concord teaches that the Law of God, the passages of commandment and judgment, function like a mirror to show us how much we need Jesus. These tough passages of the Bible, such as the story of the sheep and the goats, hold a mirror to us. We look in the mirror. We see our sin. We declare, “Look at all that sin. I can't do all this on my own. I need Jesus.” Then we the baptized sprint to the cross, trusting that Christ forgives us. We cannot be good enough, we cannot be sheep enough, we cannot help people enough, we cannot earn our way into heaven, so alleluia for Christ the King, who has saved us. Whew, what a relief!

Christ the King has snatched us from the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels. Christ the King takes his place on that throne called the cross to save us. From the cross, Christ says, “Because you are hungry and thirsty and a stranger and naked and sick and in prison, I die for you.”

Christ the King dies to give us life, and Christ the King empowers us to care for the needy.

Further, because Christ the King has saved us by dying for us, we can help people in need without worrying about reward. Feed the hungry, visit the sick, welcome the stranger. Why? To get a reward? No, Christ has earned the reward for us by dying on the cross. Ephesians 2:8 and 9 tells us that we are saved by grace through faith, not by the good deeds we do. So why should we care for people in need? Because God wants us to, and because, when we do so, we help God himself.

Mother Teresa is cleaning the pus-filled, bloody sores of the sick lying in the streets. The sores stink and run. Disgusting. A reporter mutters, “I wouldn't do that job for a million dollars.”

Mother Teresa replies, “Neither would I.”

Christ has cared for us, has saved us. He then sends us out to care for others, not for reward, but because that is what God wants us to do. Further, when we help people in need, we help God himself.

For this new Church year, what is some new way you could help people in need? What new deed could I do? What could St. James do?

“I wouldn't help those people for a million dollars.”

From the cross, Jesus says, “Neither would I.”

Au Revoir to Anna
2008-11-20 by David von Schlichten

Thank you to Anthony Bailey for being our guest blogger this week. We look forward to seeing him again at the Festival of Homiletics. Please scroll down to read Anthony's posts, as well as a contribution from Stephen Schuette.

This week we have the last "Preaching the Lesson" article from Anna Carter Florence, at least for now. Thank you to Dr. Carter Florence for your incisive and humorous contributions. You have been illuminating and luminous with your astute creativity. We look forward to seeing you again at the Festival of Homiletics.

Yours in Christ,

David von Schlichten, Lectionary Blog Moderator

Not for Reward; For Joy
2008-11-18 by Stephen Schuette

Notice how the sentence is run on.  It depicts a hunger-quenching, drink-giving, stranger-welcoming (Deuteronomic hospitality), naked-clothing, sick-nursing, prisoner-visiting person who is completely unconscious and un-self-righteous about their actions.  By contrast the opposite is equally powerful in its ugliness.  One side protests that they are unaware of doing anything right while the other protests that they did nothing wrong.  The judgment of both grace and punishment, strong as they are, are virtually overwhelmed by the unassuming naturalness and the defensiveness.

A visitor to a cholera ward taking in the stench turns to the nurse and says, “I wouldn’t do this for a million dollars.”  The nurse replies, “Neither would I.”

It's About the Nations, Stupid
2008-11-17 by Anthony Bailey

Psalm 100, Matthew 25: 31-46

It’s always been about the nations with God; the people of all the earth. God’s covenant in Genesis is made with all Creation. Authentication code: Rainbow. God’s call to Abraham and Sarah is about being a blessing to all the “families of the earth”. God’s choice of Israel as a “chosen people (nation)” is all about being a light and a blessing to all the nations and peoples. And when Israel got too uppity and forgot their covenantal mandate and purpose for being, this God is not beyond being heard to proclaim, (regarding the seminal redemptive act in Israel’s salvation history – exodus)

“Are you not like the Ethiopians to me, O people of Israel?” says the Lord. Did I not bring up Israel from Egypt, and the Philistines from Caphtor and the Syrians from Kir? Amos 9:7

In other words, God is committed to “Exodi” (to borrow a term from Walter Brueggemann) for other nations as well, not just Israel.


In Psalm 100 all the earth is enjoined to praise God. One hundred and fifty times in the Jewish psalter, the nations are summoned to “Praise the Lord”. As we have learned in the covenantal, prophetic and legal dimensions of Israel’s salvation history, there is no separation to be made between praising God and executing justice for the people in the land, particularly the widows, orphans, aliens and poor.


With God, it’s always been about the nations. It is no wonder then that in the Matthean reading the nations are hauled up before the Son of Man. Judgment is coming for the nations, because in many ways the security, vitality and justice God desires for human life rises and falls with the actions, attitudes, laws and practices of the nations in which people find themselves, ergo, the precipitating factors and consequent fallout of our present economic meltdown.


That the “sheep” nations and the “goat” nations did not know that they were respectively serving  and ignoring Christ in the hungry, thirsty, estranged, naked, ill and imprisoned ones, is not an excuse for the governments, churches, neighborhoods, and  individuals within those nations not to be vigilant and activistic.


For me, both sets of nations are judged oblivious to the presence of Christ because of their particular preoccupations. The “sheep” nations are preoccupied with faithfully but “un-self-consciously” fulfilling their purpose for being; namely securing the well-being of all, especially those marginalized on the edge of life, and correcting injustices as they emerge. For these nations it is who they are and what they do.  It is a matter of course. For the “goat” nations, they too are preoccupied, but it is with pursuits that ignore the plight of those who are hurting, and no doubt pursuits that in and of themselves cause a lot of the pain and suffering.


The judgement in this extended metaphor – for this text is not really a parable – is meant to disclose and to propel us in the direction of God’s saving purposes in the world. You see, now we know, we have no excuse. Christ is in the so-called discarded of society and we need to seek the power of Christ’s Spirit to challenge ourselves and our nations to get with God’s program. That is the way it is suppose to be, that is our mandate, it is the way of Jesus and God is dead serious about this. No more excuses about not having seen or not having known.


Anthony Bailey



Our guest lectionary preaching blogger this week is
2008-11-16 by CJ Teets

The Rev. Dr. Anthony Bailey. Originally from Barbados, he resides in Ottawa, Canada, where he is the coordinating Minister of Parkdale United Church. He has served as mission personnel in Kenya and in Kingston, Jamaica. He has taught at McGill University and the University of the West Indies in Jamaica. In Ottawa he teaches at the Lay School of Theology and is an occasional sessional lecturer at Queen's Theological College in Kingston, Ontario Canada.
Along with Grace Imathiu, he will emcee the Festival of Homiletics in Atlanta in May. Grace and Anthony will also preach that week.

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